The business world is a complex web of supply and demand. Money and goods, physical or otherwise, pass through the global market every single day. To meet this exchange between one country and another, foreign exchange, or forex, was born. The term forex is used to refer to transactions involving the conversion of money of one country into that of another or to the international transfer of money and credit instruments.
Foreign exchange, or forex, is used because different nations have different monetary units, and the currency of one country cannot be used for making payments in another country. Because of trade, travel, and other transactions between individuals and business enterprises of different countries, it becomes necessary to convert money into the currency of other countries in order to pay for goods or services in those countries. The transfer of money values from one country to another and the determination of the price at which the currency of one country will be surrendered for that of another is one of the main functions of forex.
Forex is a commodity, and its price fluctuates in accordance with supply and demand; exchange rates are published daily in every major newspapers of the world. When the exchange rate is floating, free of government intervention, the rate of the forex, or the price of the currency of one country in terms of that of another, will depend on overall supply and demand and on the relative purchasing power of the two currencies. The forex value will depend on the competitive position of the two countries in world markets. If country has a certain commodity that another country is dependent on, its forex will be significantly higher than the latter. Gold, oil, and exports are just a few of these commodities influencing a country's forex.
Forex is also dictated at times by speculation of dealers, brokers, or others. What they predict becomes a major influence on forex. However, the government has the power to prevent the forex from crashing. Its gold value and country's wealth raises help the forex value. The aim of government's control is to limit the demand for and to increase the supply of forex in order to maintain a stable exchange rate. Control usually provides for allocating forex only for approved imports and requires that all or part of the forex derived from exports or other sources be given to the central bank in exchange for local currency.
Forex is seen as the trading tool of different countries. To stabilize and increase the forex of one country will mean a lot of economic changes. The proper allocation of funds, the stock market condition and the nation's marketable wealth will determine the future of its forex rate. Understanding the forex rate is relatively simple. Using one country's forex, i.e. the dollar, we can determine the wealth standing of a country. Say the forex rate of a pound to the dollar is 80, while the dollar to the pound is 65. This means that the pound is more stable and richer that the dollar because of the 15 value difference.
The country's stability and political scene can also influence it forex rate. Investors bring in a lot of money, which equates to additional wealth for the country. Once that country is not able to guarantee stability, political and economy-wise, these people can take their investments out and leave the forex rate crippled.